Municipal Court Abuse

Learn the law, rules, and your rights!

This site provides free legal information to St. Louis and other Missouri residents and began primarily as a resource for municipal court, but has expanded its purpose. Don't confuse free legal information with free legal advice; the difference is explained below, in the legal profession section.

becomesponsorThis site is useful whether your legal issue concerns civil law or criminal law, bankruptcy, divorce, harrassment, traffic violations, parking tickets and a variety of other legal matters. But this is the show me state, so browse around for yourself. Need to find free legal aid, statutory law, your court date, legal forms, perform a case search or pay traffic fines? You'll find links to resources that can help on this site.

If you are involved in a civil case that involves major risks or a criminal case that involves the possiblity of jail time, you need to consult with an attorney. 

Municipal court is where most people get introduced to the court system. The primary purpose of this site is to provide free legal resources and free legal information so people can help themselves and have practical solutions when they must appear without a lawyer before a Municipal or Circuit Court. The secondary purpose of Court.rchp is to provide historical insight that explains current inequity and biases in the justice system and society.

Don't rely on others – help yourself!

Most people appearing in court on their own, lose because they don't understand the court process. Understanding is the first step to winning and this site will show you where you can get the information you need.

We are especially concerned about those who want to hire an attorney but can't afford one and need to represent themselves in court, but don't know how to proceed.

The law is the set of rules established by an authority, custom or agreement. Law and history are closely tied together. In order to fully understand the law, it's important to know how it has been influenced by history. Propaganda is often disguised as history. "The truth can sometimes taste bitter, yet it is better to live with reality than to stumble through a world of illusions".

Democracy is not freedom. "Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote". Freedom comes from the recognition of certain rights which may not be taken, not even by a 99% vote.

This site approaches the law from the point of view of Black people needing to become well-armed lambs because history and law have not been kind to us. However, everyone is welcome, and can benefit from the information and resources provided.

"African American males play a major role in our American legal system not as lawyers, judges, or prosecutors, but as defendants in criminal proceedings. Indeed, on any given day and almost in any criminal court or juvenile justice system, African American males will be defendants, represented by a court appointed white attorney, prosecuted by a white prosecutor, sentenced by a white judge, and ultimately incarcerated and guarded by white prison guards." – Floyd Weatherspoon (The Status of African American Males in the Legal Profession)

St. Louis Ordinances | St. Louis County Wide Ordinances | 

Other Missouri Municipal Ordinances | 

Missouri State Law |

Federal Law

Legal Research for Non-Lawyers | History | Library of Legal Articles |

Why This Site Was Created

Featured Video

You have been lied to about how intelligent you are. Don't be intimidated by thinking you're not smart enough to learn legal concepts, rules, and procedure. There's a genius inside of you!

The video above is a small segment of a 2 hour and 21-minute lecture by Dr. Umar Johnson. To watch the full video go to the "Educational Oppression" page.

Further Proof of Your Genius Potential

Stop believing false history and propaganda! The video above is only a 9-minute portion of the original, watch the full 52-minute episode.

Legal Profession

It has always seemed to me that there was a concerted effort to prevent black people from becoming lawyers. The more black lawyers, the greater chance "they" will exercise their rights. Less than 5% of the 1.2 million lawyers in this country are black. However, 60% of prisoners in the U.S. are people of color.

The U.S. Congress passed the Third Force Act of 1871, popularly known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, which declared the group a terrorist organization. Later that same year, William Church and George Wingate, a lawyer, co-founded the National Rifle Association. Reconstruction in the South ended with the Compromise of 1877.

The year after the Compromise, the American Bar Association was created. The timing of those dates has always seemed suspect to me. An organized association of White lawyers could effectively prevent blacks from becoming lawyers. Use this site to learn as much about the law as you can!

The legal profession has historically restricted access to legal information and it can be a daunting task to find useful information to represent yourself in court. Many so-called self-help articles published by lawyers and professional legal industry groups often provide just enough information to confirm you need to contact an attorney. However, for those unable to afford legal representation or where the cost is more than the penalty or potential liability, many people have no viable option. This is especially true for African American and other minority groups where history provides a record of bias and unfair treatment.

For many people, municipal court is the first and often only court experience they'll have. Unfortunately, municipalities often abuse rights and violate the constitution. These violations may seem minor, but it's much better to check these abuses in relatively minor matters before they metastasize into more important cases where they can have a major effect on civil liberties. Once minor level constitutional violations becomes commonplace more intrusive violations can easily be tolerated and justified.

I am not attempting to provide legal advice or participate in the unauthorized practice of law. This site does contain some free legal information; however legal information is not the same as legal advice which is the application of law to an individual's specific circumstances. If you are in need of legal advice, you should consult a competent licensed attorney. Free legal assistance may be available to you.

We, the people, should control and benefit from our government; rather than the government controlling and benefiting from us.

 "When the people fear their government, there is tyranny; when the government fears the people, there is liberty." – "When injustice becomes law, resistance becomes duty." -Thomas Jefferson

Bookmark this site and share it with your friends, family, church members and coworkers because a corrupt system can't exist when people know how to fight against it. Scheduled to appear in court? Print out a flyer and share it with four others.

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Rules of the game


What’s your favorite game or sport? Whatever it is, it has rules and different strategies to win right? For example, a person watching a football game for the first time does not know what’s going on. Once they learn the rules, the game becomes clearer and more interesting. That person begins to anticipate what strategy might be needed; for example, on fourth down, the team with the ball will probably kick rather than risk good field position for the other team. Once you learn and understand more about the law, you’ll have a similar experience. Attorneys often bluff, but once you understand the game better, you’ll be able to read their poker faces more easily. I’m not saying it’s an easy game to learn, but you can learn to play. “Knowledge itself is power” – Francis Bacon.

There are many different sports and they all have rules, strategies, and penalties. You concentrate only on the rules and strategy of the sport you’re watching or playing; the rules of other sports make no difference. The law is similar; you don’t need to know everything a lawyer knows to win. You only need to learn the laws that apply to you and your issue; you don’t need to worry about every other law.

You need to know the text of the actual law which will be for the most part your local ordinance or state statutes. The notice of violation should include the ordinance or statute the defendant is accused of violating. The first thing to do is read the ordinance or statute. Additionally, you need to know the rules of court which determine when and how something must be done in court. Not knowing or understanding the rules is often why people who should win lose in court.

Most states including Missouri have statewide rules of court. The rules encompass the time allowed to file papers, the format of documents (including the paper colors of appeal court briefs), the number of copies to be filed, the procedure to file motions, the basis for calculating alimony and child support, fees for filing various documents, and numerous other mundane but vital matters.

Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city (St. Louis) that functions as both a city and a county. Missouri's counties and the city of St. Louis are organized into 45 judicial circuits. There is a court in every county. The circuit court is typically in the county seat (or the city of St. Louis) and may be in additional locations in the county. Many municipalities operate their own municipal courts. Municipal judges are often appointed by the mayor and their salary paid by the municipality. See: Understanding Missouri Courts.

Each circuit court and many municipal courts adopt what are called "local rules" of court. Local rules are in addition to the circuit and state rules. Important rights and entire cases are lost by not following the rules. People are often asked to waive or discouraged from exercising their rights in court. It's not in the best interest of the municipality because there are often hundreds of cases  and when people are exercising their rights this forces the court system to spend more time and resources which cost more money. If you waive a right or fail to exercise it in time, it may be gone forever.

Never waive a right or plead guilty unless you fully understand the consequences. You can always change a not guilty plea to guilty or waive a right at a later time when you are better informed. A plea is a person’s formal response to a criminal or traffic charge. A person charged with a criminal or traffic offense is called the defendant. A defendant is typically called upon to enter a plea at arraignment, which is the person’s first appearance in court.

In the context of our legal system, it is not “dishonest” to enter a not guilty plea even when you know you committed an offense. By pleading not guilty, you are formally denying that you are guilty of each and every element of the offense charged against you. If you are charged with a criminal offense and you are innocent, this is the plea you would enter. But you must also see your denial of the charge through a not guilty plea in the broader context of the procedure in criminal cases. By pleading not guilty, you are asking the prosecutor to present evidence that establishes all the elements of the charge against you beyond a reasonable doubt. If you are charged with a crime, you have the right to hold the government to its obligation of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that you committed a crime. In other words, you can honestly plead not guilty because, in the eyes of the law, you are considered to be innocent until the government proves you guilty.

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St. Louis CITY Ordinances & Resources

The laws of the City of St. Louis can be found online at the St. Louis Public Library

2009 International Property Maintenance Code, adopted with changes, as the Property Maintenance Code of the City of St. Louis along; which in combination with ordinance 68791 is the basis of housing code violations.

St. Louis City Circuit Court Local Rules

St. Louis Municipal Court and fine payment center.

St. Louis City Administrative Order Regarding Equal Access to Municipal Court

St. Louis City building permits. Do you want to know what's being built near you?

St. Louis Civilian Oversight Board: How To File a Complaint Against a St Louis Metropolitan Police Officer

St. Louis City 2014-2015 salary database

St. Louis City Circuit Court 2015 Telephone Directory (PDF)

St. Louis City Circuit Court 2014 Telephone Directory (PDF).

City of St. Louis Website Pay 

St. Louis COUNTY Ordinances & Resources

St. Louis County contains 91 municipalities and several unincorporated areas. There are county-wide ordinances and separate municipal ordinances. The individual St. Louis County municipal websites may contain links to local ordinances. You can look below under the Missouri Municipal Ordinances heading.

St. Louis County Circuit Court Local Rules.

St. Louis County Circuit Court Forms in PDF format.

St. Louis County Circuit Court Division Directory.

St. Louis County employee payroll

St. Louis County Municipal Court Records: At the time this link was added, only 30 area municipal courts are participating — a number that is expected to double as the website,, becomes more established. The site will showcase information, including upcoming hearing dates, money owed and any warrants on tickets.

St. Louis County municipal courts agree to uniform fines, court costs – StL PD Article

UNIFORM FINES, COSTS • Fines are $70.50 plus court costs for most routine moving violations • Fines are $50.50 for non-moving violations. • Speeding fines range from $6 to $8 per mph over the limit. • Court costs are standardized at $24.50.

Missouri Municipal Ordinances

There are two companies, Sullivan Publications, and Municode, which list municipal codes and ordinances online for many Missouri towns and cities. (If the ordinances for the Missouri city or town you’re seeking is not included and you cannot find them by searching online, contact that city's police department or city hall)

Missouri State Law and Resources

Missouri State Constitution (The supreme law of the state). The Missouri Constitution consist of 13 Articles (or parts) and each article contains sections (or sub-parts).

Missouri Revised Statutes (The law as enacted by the State Legislature) You will often see Missouri Revised Statutes referred to in abbreviated form as RSMO. For example RSMO 512.180.2 refers to Missouri Revised Statutes Chapter 512, section 180, subsection (part or paragraph) 2.

Missouri Code of Regulations (Rules and regulations of state agencies). For example:

Missouri Supreme Court Rules (The rules, procedures and timelines that must be followed during cases). Rule 37 governs procedures for ordinance violations which are normally heard in municipal courts.

Missouri Supreme Court Operating Rules (the administrative rules courts and court staff must follow)

Missouri Appellate Opinions (Decisions from the three appellate courts and the Missouri Supreme Court)

Missouri 2010 Bench Book (PDF, 339 pages), is the training guide and manual used by municipal judges to administer court. There is a lot of useful information. Can also be read online at the Missouri Courts Website.

Missouri 2013 Traffic Bench Guide (PDF, 111 pages), a quick reference manual designed for judges, prosecutors, and lawyers. Missouri Fine Collection Center

Missouri 2007 Trial Judges Criminal Benchbook, is a resource guide or manual for criminal trial judges. Provides a great deal of helpful information concerning how the trial will be conducted and reveals helpful and relevant case law.

Significant Missouri Law Distinctions (PDF, 67 pages), provides brief summary and clarification of significant parts of Missouri Law including Administrative Law, Business Associations, Civil Procedure, Courts, Estates, Evidence, Family Law, Real Property, Torts, and Trust Law.

Missouri Attorney General Opinions are issued upon request by Missouri State Officials and although the opinions are not binding upon the court, they can be great sources if your issue has been researched and an opinion issued. The opinions can be searched by keyword or year.

Missouri Criminal Code – A Handbook for Law Enforcement Officers, older 24th Edition, but still useful as a reference.

The Missouri Sunshine Law (rsmo 610 open records law) requires public meetings and records are open to public and available for inspection.

State of Missouri employee payroll

2014-2015 Missouri educator salaries

Missouri Case Net – provides access to the Missouri State Courts Automated Case Management System. Case records including docket entries, parties, judgments, and charges in public court.

Missouri Arrest Warrants – St. Louis City Police 314-231-1212 / 314-621-5848 and St. Louis County Police 314-615-8899 will not provide warrant information over the phone. The easiest way to search for active arrest warrants in Missouri is to do a search for litigants on Missouri Case Net through the state court system ( Users can input a person's first and last name, click on the court case number and then see if a warrant has been issued in the case. Searches can be narrowed by various circuits, counties and cities.Missouri Case Net searches include advanced searches by year and type such as criminal, civil, traffic, appellate, probate and infraction. The Missouri court system includes alias information. Warrant information is located under the tab for "Docket Entries" on the statewide system.

The Missouri Directory of Lawyers – Lists every lawyer in Missouri who is in good standing with the Supreme Court of Missouri is included in the Official Missouri Directory of Lawyers.

Petition for Expungement of Arrest Records – Missouri Revised Statutes RSMO 610.140 allows people convicted of certain crimes to have their records expunged resulting in the records being seal and unavailable through record checks.

Fighting back begins with a not guilty plea and requesting a trial. The court will then set a trial date and a prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you're guilty. It's been my experience that the municipal court is often not fair and renders a guilty verdict. However, Missouri Statute 479.200 allows you to request a trial de novo (a new trial) in circuit court.

Municipal violations being heard in municipal court are governed by Missouri Supreme Court Rule 37. The Missouri Supreme Court ruled that there is no right to a trial by jury during a Municipal proceeding where the maximum period of imprisonment does not exceed six months. State ex rel. Cole v. Nigro (Mo.), 471 S.W.2d 933. However, a trial de novo is heard in Circuit Court and is not a municipal proceeding.  Rule 37.74 states; "All trials de novo shall proceed in the manner provided for the trial of a misdemeanor by the rules of criminal procedure." The rules of criminal procedure are rules 19 thru 36. Rule 27.01 provides the right to trial by jury; however, often neither the prosecutor nor the judge wants you to exercise that right because it takes more time and complicates the case. According to the Missouri Supreme Court, it is error to deny a jury request in a trial de novo on appeal from a municipal court conviction, State Ex Rel. Estill v. Iannone, 687 S.W.2d 172 (Mo. 1985).

Filing trial de novo stays the judgment (puts it on hold) until decided in circuit court. Trial de novo is not an appeal, but a whole new trial; it's as if the first trial never took place. During trial de novo, many defendants will have the right to request a jury trial.

thin separator lineDiscover why I always request a jury when that option is available.

If you lose at trial de novo, the earlier penalty will be reinstated. However, you can appeal the circuit court trial de novo decision with one of the three Missouri Court of Appeals; which each has its own rules.

To demonstrate how the process works, I'll use my case as an example.

During a St. Louis city ordinance case in St. Louis City Municipal Court, I requested a trial by jury, but was denied and my case was heard by the municipal judge who clearly seemed biased. I always ask for a trial by jury in municipal court, even though I expect that request to be denied because I'm not sure if failure to request a trial by jury during the municipal court proceeding may prevent you from requesting trial by jury during the trial de novo.

I was found guilty and fined $2,000. A defendant has ten days per RSMO 512.190 to file trial de novo which provides a brand new trial in Circuit Court. You can not legally be forced to pay any fine until your ten-day trial de novo period has ended. If you pay any portion of the fine or court cost, you permanently lose your right to file trial de novo, which is why many courts want you to pay the fine or some portion of the fine during court. Filing trial de novo stays (puts on hold) any penalty assessed until the case is heard in Circuit Court.

I announced that I planned to file trial de novo to have the case heard in St. Louis Circuit Court to prevent the judge from trying to enforce the payment of the penalty. About a week later I filed trial de novo which required paying a $70 fee. If you can not afford the $70 fee, there are forms you can complete requesting to file in forma pauperis (poor person). Section 514.040, RSMo sets forth the in forma pauperis procedure. Also, see Civil Rule 77.03. The OSCA (Office of State Courts Administration) approved Motion and Affidavit in Support of Request to Proceed as a Poor Person form. The OSCA form does not include sheriff’s service costs or publication costs. These costs should be specifically mentioned in the application, if appropriate to your case.

In St. Louis Circuit Court, Division 24, I filed a motion to certify for jury trial, however that motion was denied. I was also told that I could not mention certain facts during trial which would help prove my case. I lost my trial de novo and was again fined $2,000. I announced that I planned to file an appeal. The City of St. Louis nolled (file nolle prosequi) on one of the four counts against me. Nolle prosequi means that a decision has been made not to prosecute. I was never informed that one of the counts (charges) was dropped.

Prior to filing an appeal, I filed a motion for a new trial, explaining that I was denied my right to trial by jury, my motion was denied. As a result of my motion, the City requested my penalty be reduced by $500. I then filed my notice of Appeal with the Missouri Court of Appeals, which also required a $70 fee, pursuant to section RSMo 483.500. The court ruled that St. Louis Circuit Court sentenced me improperly based on Missouri Supreme Court rule 29.11 and ordered the case sent back to the lower court. This case is my ninth legal battle since 2012; I've already won the other eight.

Just because a battle is lost doesn't mean you'll lose the war.

Federal Law

United States Code – the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes of the United States.

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) – the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States.

Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure – govern civil procedure for civil lawsuits in United States district courts.

Federal Rules of Evidence – a code of evidence law governing the admission of facts by which parties in the United States federal court system may prove their cases, both civil and criminal.

U.S. Federal Court of Appeals Court Opinions

Supreme Court Decisions 

Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) – is a document issued by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) of the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) to specify the standards by which traffic signs, road surface markings, and signals are designed, installed, and used. These specifications include the shapes, colors, and fonts used in road markings and signs. In the United States, all traffic control devices must legally conform to these standards. The manual is used by state and local agencies as well as private construction firms to ensure that the traffic control devices they use conform to the national standard. While some state agencies have developed their own sets of standards, including their own MUTCDs, these must substantially conform to the federal MUTCD.

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The video below is a New Jersey municipal court and DOES NOT apply to Missouri Courts. However, the video does a great job explaining why attorneys are heard first, defendant rights and the consequences of pleading guilty or waiving certain rights. Hopefully, St. Louis and other Missouri municipalities will take a cue from this video and create similar videos to help educate people and explain the process.

NOTE: Missouri only has a 10 day period to request a trial de novo from municipal court to circuit court or file a notice of appeal from circuit court to the Missouri Court of Appeals versus the 20 day appeal period in New Jersey. (See Missouri Revised Statutes chapter 512 and Missouri Supreme Court Rule 37 (37.71 thru 37.74) and rules 30A and 30B. Most Missouri Municipal Court proceedings are not recorded. There is no court reporter and no transcript will be available. During one red light camera trial de novo, the City of St. Louis claimed I pled guilty, when I had, in fact, pled not guilty, the city did not win that case.

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The scales of justice are not always balanced or fair

Scales of justice

"None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free"  – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Why I created this site

The constitution and other laws provide protection from abuse of your rights; however, if you don't know how to invoke those protections, it's as if they don't exist. People are often convinced that they are powerless; when nothing could be further from the truth. The young men and women on the front lines in Ferguson, MO have proven what the power of the people can accomplish. Municipal Courts are used as methods of finance for the cities they serve. Municipalities routinely convince defendants to plead guilty. They use scare tactics on people who don't know any better. The municipality has the burden to prove you committed whatever offense they claim. However, because most people have never bothered looking up the law, they are easy prey and provide a stream of easy money. They simply don't know the rules that apply in court.

I am tired of witnessing a “municipal court system” that is supposed to be fair and impartial prey on the poor and elderly. I am tired of seeing a “justice system” that discriminates and disregards constitutional rights and privileges. I am tired of seeing people treated like criminals because they are experiencing a financial crisis. I am tired of being silent. It is my hope that others will become inspired and benefit from what I have learned during my legal challenges. Help spread the word about this site, by telling others. If you have a municipal court date, download our four-part municipal court flyer (color or black and white), print then cut and give to others you see waiting in line to get inside the courtroom. Until everyone is afforded equal treatment, none of us are truly free. There is a quote from a survivor of the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, that in many respects still ring true today.

 “Some of our group feel their superiority over those less fortunate; but when a supreme test like the Tulsa disaster comes, it serves to remind us that we are all one race. That human feigns, like those who had full sway on June 1st have no respect of person.  Every Negro was afforded the same treatment regardless of his education or other advantages. A Negro was a Negro on that day and was forced to march for blocks with his hands up that day. It should teach us to remember that we cannot rise higher than our weakest brother”. Mary Parrish

In the United States, far too many people are imprisoned, and far too many of the prisoners are low-income people of color. One of the purposes of this site is to even the playing field, by providing legal information to people who can’t afford private lawyers. Our library section contains information about exercising miranda rights, searcheshow much to tell your lawyer, and more. It’s particularly important to know your rights when you're suspect or accused of a crime because the behavior of law enforcement toward the public has become increasingly militant and militarized.

Law enforcement officers often rationalize their actions as necessary tactics in the wars on drugs or terrorism.  Predictably, as these campaigns progress, the primary casualties are people of color, people who are poor, and people who are activists.  To make matters worse, recent legislation has given law enforcement greater legal license to pry and intimidate.  And these changes in the law signal that the political climate is more accepting of ugly police practices such as infiltration or manipulative interrogation techniques.  That’s why it’s critical to learn how to use the law to protect yourself—before you or the people you care about end up in jail.

Law enforcement officers are trained to mislead suspects whom they’re questioning, and it’s perfectly legal for police to lie when they’re interrogating someone.  In particular, officers try to convince people to give up their rights to legal advice before being questioned.  Using dirty tricks to get confessions is not only inconsistent with the idea of a just legal system but also makes it more likely that innocent people will be convicted as well as guilty ones.

For those readers who are concerned that this site will help bad people get away with their crimes, we sympathize and that is not our intent.  Consider, however, that bad things do happen to good people.  So it could be handy to know what to say to the police in case they’re ever laboring under the misapprehension that you’re actually a bad person and therefore deserving of manipulation and mistreatment.

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City of St. Louis

St. Louis skyline at night This site primarily owes its publication to the illegal and harassing treatment I received from multiple St. Louis City divisions in retaliation for exercising my constitutional rights.

Between 2008 and 2013, I received one speed camera and four red light camera tickets; three of those tickets were from the city of St. Louis. I challenged all five tickets in court and had them dismissed. I strongly believe that red light cameras are simply a money grab disguised as a safety measure.

St. Louis has collected over $32 million in red light camera fines and didn't want anything to interfere with that revenue stream. On the same day my tickets were dismissed in court, the City of St. Louis began targeting property that I own, because of my website which promotes my publication, "Red Light Photo Tickets: They Rob You Without a Gun". Although, there are other websites expressing negative opinions about red light cameras, mine is the only one that I am aware of in Missouri, that provides access to strategy to actually beat tickets in court including court documents which were filed.

Some people may believe that a few million dollars don't mean much to a city the size of St. Louis, but take a look at the video below of a news broadcast discussing how St. Louis City started a furlough program that required employees to take off weeks without pay to save $3 million dollars. The following year, St. Louis created an illegal $11 monthly solid waste tax, which generates approximately $14 million annually and disguised it as a user fee in order to avoid getting voter approval.

The City of St. Louis has a culture of corruption and retaliation. Recent news reports highlight that multiple St. Louis Area Municipalities are unfairly and illegally wreaking havoc with people's lives; especially those of color, poor, elderly and other vulnerable groups lacking knowledge of the legal system. Black residents are the largest population segment within the City of St. Louis but only one of the ten highest paid city employees is black. I wonder what segment of the population the lowest paid city employees belong to. thin separator line

I am not a lawyer


nolawyer The author of this site has not attended or had training at any law school. I learned how to navigate the legal system through independent self-study. I am not directing you to do what I have done, I am simply exercising my first amendment freedom of speech rights and explaining my personal experiences, sharing what I have learned, expressing my opinions about what I encountered and stating the results and personal conclusions from my many hours of research.

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Genius Not Required

I believe all humans have the potential for genius. Many of us had educations that restricted our capabilities and failed to properly develop our genius; see, "Mindless Follower or Critical Thinker". However, you don’t have to be a genius to understand and apply the law. I was not a great student in high school, however, I got lucky during my senior year. I was required to take a business law class. At first, I hated the subject; but loved the teacher, Ms. Fountain, who had a bigger than life personality and she created a fun classroom environment. There was one assignment that is still memorable for me. We were assigned some sort of puzzle handout that required a trip to St. Louis University’s Law Library. I remember entering the library and feeling very intimidated. As we started looking up the references to find the answers, I realized that the assignment was much easier than I though and at that moment my apprehension and fear of those ivory tower bookshelves left. I realized then that anyone can find the law, most people just don’t know how or where to look. thin separator line

I lost my job in 2011 and I've been involved in at least eleven court cases since 2012. Since I was unemployed and I had more time than money, I researched the law and started representing myself in court. My cases included municipal ordinance violations and creditor lawsuits, I've won ten of my eleven cases, the ninth case is still ongoing and is currently before the Missouri Court of Appeals and my tenth and eleventh cases were beat in St. Louis City Circuit Court, both were St. Louis City Municipal court trial de novo cases. Not including interest, attorney fees and court cost, I've saved over $30,000 in fines and judgments. Often the additional fees in municipal ordinance violations add up to more than the original penalty.

The Ferguson DOJ report mentioned a woman forced to spend six days in jail, who accumulated over $1,000 liability because of two parking tickets. Municipal courts make their money by convincing people to give up without a fight. Because only a few people fight back the city will continue questionable practices and enforcing unfair or illegal laws because it's profitable. The more people fight back the less profitable it becomes. Preparation is the key; most people go to court unprepared and that's why they lose. I spent many sleepless nights searching to find the right sources of information and thousands of hours researching for relevant material. I have organized my research, observations and results into publications to help others quickly find the information they need. thin separator lineHelp support this site Please tell others about this site. Link to us on Facebook or other social media and on your website if you have one. When people know about their rights and fight system abuse, we all benefit. The creator of this site has funded its creation and maintenance costs. thin separator line

 Click image below for Legal Research for Non-Lawyers.

Legal research book cover 2

Check out my other sites: In lieu of donations, please support my other sites so that I continue to develop this site.

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Red Light Cameras

The Missouri Supreme Court Ruled ironically on my birthday, Tuesday, August 18, 2015, that the St. Louis' Red Light Camera Ordinance was unconstitutional. Anyone with an outstanding unpaid ticket does not have to pay. This doesn't necessarily mean that red light camera tickets are a thing of the past, the ruling left open the possibility that municipalities can change their ordinances to conform with state law.

Prior to the Missouri Supreme Court's red light camera decision, I had successfully defeated a speed camera at least nine red light camera tickets in court. My wife defeated two additional red light camera tickets using the same methods saving our household over $1,100 in fines. I am happy to say that my publication, "Red Light Photo Tickets" is currently obsolete. However, once municipalities start changing their red light camera ordinances, there will certainly be new ways to fight them and I will update that publication. If you would like to be notified about any future updated versions, use the contact form and type or paste Red Light Photo Ticket in the subject line to add your name to our mailing list.

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Credit Card Lawsuit?

Visit and discover how I beat multiple credit card lawsuits without an attorney after I lost my job. Includes detailed explanation and information about various legal concepts and consumer credit protection law, sources where you can obtain free legal advice from attorneys, in-depth discussion about the legal tricks and maneuvers banks and credit collector use. You have access to the text of court documents and the winning opening and closing arguments I made during a jury trial against on the largest banks in the US.

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Start Your Own Home Based Business

I love working from home! My wife, a culinary arts student also runs a home baked goods business from our home. I run into many other people running all sorts of businesses from their home, living life on their terms.

What happens if you go to work tomorrow and discover you're about to be laid off?

That's exactly what happened to me a few years ago. Missouri reduced the number of weeks for unemployment to 20 weeks and the Missouri Legislature is attempting to reduce it even more to 13 weeks. It takes an average of 16 weeks to find a new job. Since Missouri also recently reduced welfare benefits and removed a safety net for thousands of people, the risks associated with losing your job are greater than ever.

You need to seriously consider starting your own business. Since the playing field is not level, especially if you're black or brown, it is vital that you consider having a source of income other than a job. Tim Wise points out that some people had a head start, and black and brown folks should not rely on the government to offer much assistance. See: Tim Wise's "White Privilege" lecture.

Want to join us and the more than 14 million others operating home businesses? Not sure what business to start? Check out, the site for my book, the "Home Based Business Owner's Manual", which provides everything you need to know to start a business with little or no money. Included 140 low-cost business ideas. I was unemployed when I decided to enter the electronic publishing business.

This book is available as a complete publication or by chapter for as little as .99 cents.

Discover if business ownership is right for you. Download the first chapter "Getting Started" for FREE; use discount code FirstFree. Discusses the pros and the cons of business ownership, methods to finance your new business, selecting a business name, record keeping, accounting and more.


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